Amphetamine Addiction: Signs, Prevention & Treatment Options

There has been a concern, however, regarding the use of stimulants such as amphetamine or methylphenidate in children with ADHD. Some of these concerns are related to ADHD being comorbid with substance use disorders and that treatment with amphetamines may increase the risk of addiction in such individuals. However, most studies how long do amphetamines stay in your system do not support the association between treatment with amphetamines and substance use disorders, at least when treatment onset is in primary school. The onset of treatment in secondary school, however, increases the chances of developing an addiction. However, this may be due to the relationship between adolescence and drug abuse.

are amphetamines addictive

View Sources

We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers. Some of the common short-term effects of amphetamine include nervousness, insomnia, headaches, increased blood pressure and heart rate, and loss of appetite. Other symptoms may include increased anxiety, irritability, negative affect and worsening motor tics. Side effects due to the action of amphetamines on the digestive system may include vomiting, nausea and abdominal cramps.

are amphetamines addictive

How Can You Prevent Amphetamine Addiction?

The changes that these drugs cause on the neurotransmitters in the central nervous system are more difficult to reverse, the longer the person has been abusing the drug. There are also illegal methamphetamines, which are drugs like crystal meth or speed. Many of the prescription medications in this group combine different amphetamine salts in order to produce their effect. People with a history of drug abuse or addiction should not use amphetamines. Other street drugs that are based on the structure of amphetamine include methamphetamine, cathinone, ephedrine, MDMA (ecstasy), and 2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylamphetamine (DOM).

are amphetamines addictive

Amphetamine Abuse Signs and Symptoms

  • When taken properly, amphetamine-based medications can be safe and effective.
  • Amphetamine activates receptors in the brain and increases the activity of a number of neurotransmitters, especially norepinephrine and dopamine.
  • Regular use of amphetamines, especially when the drug is smoked or injected, can quickly cause addiction.
  • They may become suicidal but may lack the energy to attempt suicide for several days.

It is thought that approximately 40% of those who abuse these drugs may have experienced psychotic symptoms at some point. There are some symptoms that can typically be seen prior to death by overdose. These are symptoms like hyperthermia, seizures, and dangerously low blood pressure. They do so by changing the levels of certain chemicals in the brain. These brain chemicals, also called neurotransmitters, enable communication between brain cells. Moreover, being fat-soluble or lipophilic, they reach the brain rapidly after consumption.

  • Amphetamines are stimulant drugs that increase alertness and wakefulness.
  • When the dosage of a drug used is significantly over the prescribed and safe limit, there is a risk of an overdose occurring.

Immediate effects

Many amphetamines are Schedule II stimulants, which means they have a high potential for abuse and are legally available only through a prescription. When used for medical purposes, the doses are much lower than those typical among abusers of the drugs. Due to their ability to boost levels of a few “feel-good” chemicals in the brain, amphetamines are often misused. Although college students may try to misuse Adderall to increase focus levels, people of all ages can abuse these drugs and develop an addiction to them.

  • The onset of treatment in secondary school, however, increases the chances of developing an addiction.
  • Recent findings indicate that bupropion, the anti-depressant marketed as Wellbutrin, may reduce a methamphetamine-induced high as well as drug cravings elicited by drug-related cues.
  • Some amphetamines are not approved for medical use and are manufactured and used illegally.
  • When one overdoses, the first set of symptoms is mainly excitatory in nature.
  • Amphetamines are stimulant drugs that are used to treat certain medical conditions but are also subject to abuse.
  • You may relapse after treatment and start using amphetamines again.

Causes of addiction

This is another route by which overdose on amphetamines can be fatal. The social life of a person addicted to amphetamines will take a toll. The need to abuse the drug takes precedence over relationships that previously held importance to them. The effects that these amphetamine drugs have on a person’s neurochemistry will begin to manifest the longer they use the drug.

Types of Illegal Amphetamines

People take it to boost libido, increase wakefulness, improve cognitive control, enhance sociability, and induce euphoria. Scientists carrying out a review of 20 studies concluded that stimulants are probably helpful for people with ADHD. People dependent on amphetamines become tired or sleepy—an effect that may last for 2 or 3 days after stopping the drug. At this time, there is no medicine that can help reduce the use of amphetamines by blocking their effects. Recovered is not a medical, healthcare or therapeutic services provider and no medical, psychiatric, psychological or physical treatment or advice is being provided by Recovered. If you are facing a medical emergency or considering suicide or self harm, please call 911 immediately.

Outpatient Treatment Programs

Are psychedelics addictive? Side effects and risks – Medical News Today

Are psychedelics addictive? Side effects and risks.

Posted: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 07:00:00 GMT [source]